8 Things That Increase Sleep Apnea Risk

sleep apnea smoking

Smoking Current smokers are 2.5 times more likely to have OSA than smokers and nonsmokers combined, according to a 2001 study. “Smoking most airway tissue swell because it’s an irritant,” says Mingrone. Swelling in the nose and the throat further reduces the space for air to flow through. Gender Middle-aged men are twice as likely to have OSA than women of the same age, according to the American Lung Association. Mingrone says in his practice, about 15 to 20 percent of patients are female. The variance may be due again to anatomical differences, especially since men are simply bigger than women more often than not.
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Sleep Apnea Treatment May Help Patients Look Better

The condition, which often goes undiagnosed, is marked by snoring and breathing interruptions during sleep. People with sleep apnea are at increased risk for heart problems and daytime accidents. This study included 20 middle-aged sleep apnea patients whose facial appearance was rated before and after they started using a treatment called continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), which helps keep the airway open by providing a stream of air through a mask that is worn during sleep. Improvements in the patients’ faces were noted just a few months after they started using CPAP, according to the study published in the Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine. These changes included: looking more alert, more youthful, more attractive, having less-puffy foreheads and less-red faces. The findings need to be confirmed in larger studies, the researchers said. They decided to conduct their study because sleep center staff often noted improvements in patients’ faces after they began using CPAP. “The common lore, that people ‘look sleepy’ because they are sleepy, and that they have puffy eyes with dark circles under them, drives people to spend untold dollars on home remedies,” study leader and sleep neurologist Dr. Ronald Chervin, director of the University of Michigan Sleep Disorders Center, said in a university news release.
See http://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=173598 for the original story and associated media content

Language of the sleep apnea bill close to becoming law

(b) APPLICABILITY. Subsection (a) shall not apply to a requirement that was in force before September 1, 2013. (c) SLEEP DISORDERS DEFINED. In this section, the term sleep disorders includes obstructive sleep apnea. And that is the extent of it. Some commenters have seen this as nothing more than Congressional go-ahead granted to FMCSA to get on with whatever sleep-apnea-related medical certification rules they have in the works, but given the complex formality of the rulemaking process the bill requires, with copious time allowed for individual input, others have looked more favorably on the bill. What do you think? In any case, I hope the text here might clear up any confusion about just what the bill seeks to do. RELATED: Use your head: Dont shut down Oct.
Original – Language of the sleep apnea bill close to becoming law

Sleep Apnea May Be Deadly

The results showed that about 19% of those with severe sleep apnea died during the follow-up period compared with only 4% of those without sleep apnea. Researchers found the risk of premature death increased as the severity of sleep apnea increased, but findings suggested protection from risk of death with proper treatment of sleep apnea, such as the use of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) to keep airways open during sleep and prevent pauses in breathing. When those who used CPAP regularly to treat their sleep apnea were excluded from the analysis, the risk of death was 3.8 times greater for those with for untreated sleep apnea. “I was surprised by how much the risks increased when we excluded people who reported treatment with CPAP,” researcher Terry Young, PhD, professor of epidemiology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, says in a news release. “Our findings suggest — but cannot prove — that people diagnosed with sleep apnea should be treated, and if CPAP is the prescribed treatment, regular use may prevent premature death.” Sleep Apnea and Other Causes of Fatigue Sleep Apnea Death Risk In the study, published in Sleep, researchers followed a random sample of 1,522 men and women between the ages of 30 and 60 who participated in the Wisconsin Sleep Cohort Study. The participants spent one night at a sleep laboratory under observation and were screened for sleep apnea. Those diagnosed with sleep apnea were divided into groups according to the severity of their condition, as defined by the average number of breathing pauses and sleep disruptions during sleep. During 18 years of follow-up, 80 people died.
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